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Textiles

Textiles

For production of upholstery collections, Kauno baldai purchases materials from different providers in the worldwide.
Textiles take 30% of all materials. Kauno baldai AB offers more than 400 different textiles from providers from all over the world.
Textile types according to composition:
NATURAL  composition - made of natural materials: linen, cotton, wool.
     Linen (HL) very strong (2-3 times stronger than cotton),perfectly absorbs  moisture, cools the body.
     Cotton (CO) durable textile,  absorbs moisture and allows body to breathe.
     Wool (WO) retains heat, absorbs moisture and allows body to breathe.
SYNTHETIC composition - made using synthetic materials: poly-acrylic, polyester, polyamide, polyurethane.
     Polyester (PES)
Features: polyester fiber is a chemical substance that is produced from petroleum. Polyester is hard-wearing, barely crumple, durable, does not absorb moisture, so dries quickly. Polyester is often blended with wool, cotton, linen. Gives strength for the fabric, not crumple.
Care: polyester products do not require special care. Fabric that has a lot of polyester should be protected from heat and direct sunlight.
     Polyamide (PA)
Features: synthetic polyamide fiber is very resistant to abrasion (10 times more than cotton, and up to 20 times than the wool). Advantages - no creases, flexible and durable. However, it is very susceptible to static, not resistant to light quickly fades. Polyamide is typically used as additives to natural fibers. This gives the product strength - long durability.
Care: very susceptible to lime; iron only through the fabric.
     Polyurethane (PU)
Features: This synthetic fiber has been recently presented in the textile industry. The fiber is usually added up to 15% to natural ones. Provides tissue firmness. Fiber impermeable to air and moisture.
Care: dry cleaning only.
    Poly-acrylic (PAN)
Features: this synthetic fiber is durable and elastic. Does not crumple, absorb moisture, gives strength.
Usage: poly-acrylic is very small tissue, so care depends on other components in the fabric.
ARTIFICIAL composition - in production of artificial fabrics, natural materials are processed by a special process of deepness.
     Viscose (VI) - Natural fiber derived from cellulose. Fiber is light, absorbs moisture, has a tendency to stretch. There are many different kinds of this fabric. Minuses: not very strong fiber.
     Acetate, triacetate (AC, TA) - The synthetic fiber produced from cellulose acetate. Acetate fabric’s softness reminds  of silk fabrics. Triacetate fabrics are stronger, but particularly susceptible to tearing. In general, acetate and triacetate do not reduce and crumple.
Textile types according to production technology:
WOWEN - tapestry, chenille, plush, microfiber, patched textiles.
NOT WOVEN- artificial leather, natural leather.